Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad in Kashmiri Brahmin Family to Swaroop Rani and Motilal Nehru (a prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman). He was home tutored until the age of 15. After that he went to England at the Harrow School and then he went to Trinity College at Cambridge and earned an honors degree in Natural Science. He studied law at Inner Temple in London. In 1912. He returned to India and joined Allahabad High Court as an advocate. In 1916, he got married to Kamala Kaul and had a daughter named Indira and settled in New Delhi and joined politics as an inspiration to develop the country.
In 1919, he joined Indian National Congress as he was very influenced by Mahatma Gandhi to fight against the Britishers. He was elected as General Secretary of Indian National Congress in 1923. He represented Indian National Congress Internationally as a Delegate member. In 1929, he was appointed as a president of Indian National Congress and was recognised as a Gandhi successor, He was imprisoned many times due to the movements he joined started by Mahatma Gandhi. He became the first prime minister on 15th August 1947 post independence of the country and served the country. He died on 27th May 1964 due to his declining health.
As a tribute to him on 14th November on his birth anniversary after his death, the day is recognised as “Children’s Day”. As he was very fond of children and mostly children called him “Chacha Nehru”.
- In 1948, Nehru was conferred an honorary doctorate by the University of Mysore.
- He later received honorary doctorates from the University of Madras, Columbia University, and Keio University
- In 1955, Nehru was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.
- The Discovery of India
- Glimpses of World History
- Autobiography: Toward Freedom.
- He had written 30 letters to his daughter Indira Gandhi. The collection of these letters was later published as a book Letters from a Father to His Daughter.