Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born on 15th September 1861 in Muddenahalli village in Karnataka. He studied B.A. from university of Madras and completed Civil Engineering from college of science in Pune.In 1883, he secured the first rank in the LCE and FCE Examinations. He was a civil Engineer and an expert in irrigation design, reservoirs, dams, drinking water supply and drainage schemes. He worked for about 30 years as an engineer, 20 years as an administrator, and around 20 years as a government advisor. In 1917, he founded the Government college of engineering at Bangalore later, which was named after him. He died on April 14, 1962 at the age of 102. The College of Engineering, Pune erected a statue in his honour.
He was appointed as an assistant engineer by the Bombay Government in the public works department. There he implemented projects in Pune, Nasik and Khandesh. After that, he took up a job in the irrigation commission and created an irrigation system in the Deccan Region. In 1895, he designed and implemented waterworks for the Sukku Municipality. In the 1900s, during the time of flood in Hyderabad City, he designed the flood protection system and earned a celebrity system. He was appointed as the Chief Engineer (Diwan) of Mysore and there he constructed the Krishna Raja Sagara Lake and dam in 1924 across Kaveri river in the Mandya district. During this tenure, he brought many reforms in the field of industrialisation, education, irrigation, agriculture, commerce and banking.
- He was Honored with Bharat Ratna in 1955.
- He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE) by the British in 1915.
- He Received Honorary doctoral degrees from eight universities in India.
- He became a member of the London Institution of Civil Engineers.
- He was awarded a fellowship by the Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bangalore.