Swami Vivekanand was born on 12th january 1863 in Kolkata in a bengali family. His childhood name was Narendranath Dutta. He went to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Institution and later to the Presidency College in Calcutta. He was exposed to other religions and their philosophies like Christanity, western philosophy and science. He had an interest in both instrumental and vocal music, sports, gymnastics, wrestling and bodybuilding. In 1880, he joined Keshab Chandra Sen’s Nava Vidhan and also became a member of Sadharan Brahmo Samaj led by Keshab Chandra Sen and Debendranath Tagore. He was known for his social works, he eliminated child marriage, illiteracy and spread education among women and lower castes. He was a notable disciple of Ramakrishna. After the demise of Ramakrishna in 1886, Narendranath emerged as Vivekananda that is “the bliss of discerning wisdom”. Vivekananda left math and decided to tour the whole of India on foot which came to be known as ‘Parivrajak’. While on tour, He saw several social, cultural, and religious aspects of the people and also saw what common people faced in their daily life, their sufferings, etc.
He was also a famous personality in America and England, his main motive was to spread peace and brotherhood all over the country. In western countries, he spread his words about the Indian culture and its philosophies. There he gradually developed a vendetta society in New York. After returning from his international trip, he founded the Ramakrishna mission. His aim was to serve the poor and suffering and disturbed population of the country. He predicted that he will not live till the age of 40. Therefore, on 4 July, 1902, he died while doing meditation. He is said to have attained ‘Mahasamadhi’ and was cremated on the Banks of the river Ganga.